The distinction between work and leisure and therefore the definition of leisure is controversial. Most sociologists would share the view of Joffra Dumazedier that ‘leisure has certain traits that are characteristic only of the civilisation born from the industrial revolution.’1 This is not to deny the existence of work and play in non-industrial societies but rather to stress their articulation through religion and communal ceremonial and, by contrast, their sharp separation in the organisation of modern industrial society. Modern leisure presupposes this separate organisation of work and also a high degree of individual freedom of choice among possible non-work activities.


Adult Education BRITISH Society Daily Telegraph Modern Industrial Society Youth Club 
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© A. H. Halsey 1972

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  • A. H. Halsey

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