Scepticism pp 41-59 | Cite as

On the Presence of God

  • Kai Nielsen
Part of the New Studies in the Philosophy of Religion book series (NSPR)


In trying to ascertain whether we can know that God exists or have reasonable grounds for believing that God exists or know or reasonably believe that there is a religiously adequate concept of God sufficiently intelligible or unproblematic to make belief in God a reasonable option, it is important to ask what we can make of the claim frequently made by religious people that they have experience of the presence of God. The claim is often made that the concept of God cannot be incoherent or utterly problematic and that it cannot be that we cannot reasonably believe in God because there is direct experience of God, and indeed for religious argumentation to come to anything there must be such experience.1


Religious Experience Perceptual Judgement Ultimate Reality Religious People Religious Language 
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Notes and References

  1. 1.
    George I. Mavrodes, Belief in God (New York, Random House, 1970).Google Scholar
  2. 19.
    I. T. Ramsey, Religious Language and ‘Talking About God’ in I. T. Ramsey (ed.), Words About God (London, S.C.M. Press, 1971).Google Scholar
  3. 26.
    Ronald Hepburn, ‘Agnosticism’, Paul Edwards (ed.), Encyclopedia of Philosophy, vol. i (New York, Macmillan, 1967) p. 58.Google Scholar
  4. 27.
    Thomas S. Kuhn, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions (Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1962).Google Scholar
  5. Paul K. Feyerabend, ‘The Mind-Body Problem’, Continuum vol. v, no. 1 (Spring 1967) pp. 35–49.Google Scholar
  6. 28.
    Alastair McKinnon, Falsification and Belief (The Hague, Mouton & Co., 1970) p. 60.Google Scholar
  7. 30.
    Ninian Smart, The Philosophy of Religion (Random House, New York, 1970) pp. 41–4.Google Scholar
  8. 31.
    T. R. Miles, ‘On Excluding the Supernatural’, Religious Studies, vol. 1, no. 2 (April 1966) p. 150.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kai Nielsen 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kai Nielsen
    • 1
  1. 1.The University of CalgaryCanada

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