• Barry Floyd


The original or natural vegetation of Eastern Nigeria, as elsewhere in Africa and the world, results from the simultaneous action of a number of factors: climatic (particularly precipitation, relative humidity and temperatures), topographic, edaphic (soils and soil water) and biotic (animals, including man, and plants themselves). This complex of interacting phenomena is frequently referred to as the ‘biotic complex’ or ‘ecosystem’.


Mangrove Forest Forest Reserve Niger Delta Green Roof Mangrove Tree 
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  1. 1.
    R. W. J. Keay, An Outline of Nigerian Vegetation (Lagos, 1959), p. 6. (Hereafter referred to as Nigerian Vegetation.)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. M. Aubréville, ‘Tropical Africa’, in S. Haden-Guest, J. K. Wright, E. M. Teclaff, A World Geography of Forest Resources (New York, 1956), chapter 16, p. 363.Google Scholar
  3. 1.
    R. J. Harrison Church, West Africa (London, 1963), p. 67.Google Scholar
  4. 1.
    G. Durrell, The Overloaded Ark (Penguin Books, 1228; London, 1961), pp. 30–31.Google Scholar
  5. 1.
    S. Kolade Adeyoju, ‘The Forest Resources of Nigeria’, The Nigerian Geographical Journal, viii (1965), p. 125.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Barry Floyd 1969

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Floyd
    • 1
  1. 1.University of NigeriaNsukkaNigeria

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