The rhomboidal territory of Eastern Nigeria covers some 29,484 square miles, or 8.3 per cent of the entire Republic of Nigeria (356,669 square miles), yet it supports 22 per cent or almost a quarter of the total population of the country. With a marked diversity of physical features, natural resources (both organic and inorganic), cultural groupings and settlement patterns, Eastern Nigeria in a sense epitomises the entire nation although it possesses certain geographical characteristics which are unique.
KeywordsCoastal Plain Niger Delta Coal Measure Gully Erosion Physical Setting
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- 1.R. A. Monkhouse, The Geology of Eastern Nigeria (Nsukka, 1966), p. 1. (Hereafter referred to as Eastern Nigeria.)Google Scholar
- 1.NEDECO, River Studies and Recommendations on Improvement of Niger and Benue (Amsterdam, 1959), Table 5,3.3-1, p. 488. (Hereafter referred to as River Studies.)Google Scholar
- 1.For a more scientific explanation of the processes of ‘laterisation’ and ‘ferruginisation’, see P. D. Jungerius, ‘The Environmental Background of Land Use in Nigeria’, Tijdschrift van het Koninklijk Nederlandsch Aardrijkskundig Genootschap, lxxxi (1964), pp. 422–4.Google Scholar
- 1.See R. A. Reyment, Aspects of the Geology of Nigeria (Ibadan, 1965).Google Scholar