Religious Life

  • John Larner


Th. creation of the signori. within the Romagna was obviously a defeat for the papacy in the political field. Yet in the same period, the Church won notable victories in terms of its religious doctrines and organisation. Widespread heresy was subdued; the anticlerical struggles of the communes were resolved; and the grants of vicariate ended by compromise a situation where political hostility to the papal curia could lead to a rejection of its ecclesiastical teaching. As a result, the fourteenth century saw a new and closer linking of all society with the institutions of religion, and the firm establishment of religious orthodoxy.


Thirteenth Century Fifteenth Century Fourteenth Century Religious Life Religious Orthodoxy 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    G. Giulini, Memorie spettanti alla storia di Milan., Milan, 1854–7, VII, 278.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    I. Döllinger, Beiträge zur Sektengeschichte des Mittelalters,.Munich, 1890, I, 53.Google Scholar
  3. For what follows, see, in general, G. Volpe, Movimenti religiosi e sette ereticali nella società medievale italian., Florence, 2nd ed., 1961, especially 91–2, and E. Dupré-Theseider, Introduzione alle eresie medieval., Bologna, 1953.Google Scholar
  4. 3.
    Un Traité néo-manichéen du XIII6 siècle: le Liber de Duobus Principii., ed. A. Dondaine, Rome, 1939, 70.Google Scholar
  5. 4.
    Acta Pontificum Romanorum Inedit., ed. J. von Pflugk-Harttung, Graz, 1958, III, 317–18; Tonini, Stori., II, 589.Google Scholar
  6. 7.
    L. A. Muratori, Antiquitates Italicae Medii Aevi., Milan, 1741, V, 131;Google Scholar
  7. G. Mussoni, ‘I patarini in Rimini’, La Romagn., II, 1905, 400-n.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Döllinger, II, 273–9. For recent studies of Catharist belief see A. Borst, Die Kathare., Stuttgart, 1953, and F. Niel, Albigeois et Cathare., Paris, 1959.Google Scholar
  9. 11.
    H. Lea, A History of the Inquisition of the Middle Age., London, 1888, III, 107–9.Google Scholar
  10. 12.
    Muratori, Antiquitate., VI, 471–2; Griffoni, 15; Pipino, 704; Corp. Chron. Bon., II, 151–2;see N. Cohn, The Pursuit of the Millennium,.London, 1957, Chapter vi.Google Scholar
  11. 13.
    Acta Sanctoru., ed. J. Bollandus, Paris and Rome, 1863–84, Aprili., III (29 Aprii), 692–703; J. Guiraud, Histoire de l’Inquisition au Moyen Ag., Paris, 1938, II, 503–4.Google Scholar
  12. 15.
    G. Fussenberger, ‘De manipulo documentorum ad usum in- quisitoris haereticae pravitatis in Romandiola: Saec. XIII’, AFH,.XLIV, 1951, 71–86;Google Scholar
  13. P. Mariano d’ Alatri, L’ inquisizione francescana nell’ Italia centrale nel secolo XII., Rome, 1954, 55–7;Google Scholar
  14. ‘Tractatus de Hereticis Zanchini Ugolini’ in Tractatus Illustrium Iurisconsultorum de Iudiciis Criminalibus S. Inquisitioni., XI, pt. II. Venice, 1584, 234–71; Lea, II, 234, 242; III, 307; A. Dondaine, ‘Le Manuel de 1’ inquisiteur’, Archivium Fratrum Predicatoru., XVII, 1947, 124.Google Scholar
  15. 16.
    S. Gaddoni, ‘Documenta ad historiam trium ordinum S. Francisci in Urbe Imolensi’, AF., V, 1912, 63.Google Scholar
  16. 17.
    See L. Fiumi, Eretici e ribelli nel V Umbria: studio storico di un decennio, 1320–133. (reprinted from Bolletino della R. Deputazione per Umbri.), 1916;Google Scholar
  17. E. Dupré-Theseider, ‘L’ eresia a Bologna nei tempi di Dante’, Studi storichi in onore di G. Volp., Florence, 1958, 381–441 (based largely on documents registered in L. Aldrovandini, ‘Acta Sancti Officii Bononiae ab anno 1291 asque ad annum 1309’, AM., 3, XIV, 1896, 225–300.)Google Scholar
  18. 20.
    Rationes Decimarum Italiae nei secoli XIII e XIV: Aemili., ed. A. Mercati, E. Nasalli-Rocca, and P. Sella, Vatican, 1933, 197–221.Google Scholar
  19. 23.
    Rationes Decimaru., 210, 64, 91, 105, 83, 104, 171, 178, 184, 191; C. Rivalta, ‘La chiesa della commenda di Faenza e la sede di Cavalieri Gerosolimitani’, AM. III, 1937–8, 218 ff. Presumably Templar property passed to the Hospital after 1310. By the sixteenth century the Great Priory of the Hospitallers at Venice included ‘legations’ at Ravenna, Faenza, and Forli, with commanderi. at Rimini, Cesena, and Imola: Cartulaire général de Vordre des Hospitaliers de S. Jean de Jerusale., ed. J. Delaville de la Roux, Paris, 1894–1906, I, CXX-CXXXIV; II, 473, IV, 13.Google Scholar
  20. 27.
    Chro. Mai., 14; Battagli, 50–1 refers to the enterprise (on which see A. Attiya, The Crusade in the Later Middle Age., London, 1938, 290–5) without mentioning any Romagnol participation.Google Scholar
  21. 29.
    L. Frati, ‘Tradizioni storiche del Purgatorio di S. Patrizio’, GSL., LXIII, 1914, 174–5.Google Scholar
  22. 35.
    Giovanni Fiorentino, Il pecoron., Milan, 1804.Google Scholar
  23. 36.
    Azzurini, 196; F. Lanzoni, ‘La cronaca del convento di Sant’ Andrea in Faenza’, Archivio Muratorian., I (RIS), 1904, 511–48; ibid., ‘I conventi domenicani in Romagna’ in Il VII centenario di S. Domenico,.Rome, 1921, 350.Google Scholar
  24. 37.
    F. Lanzoni, I primordi dell’ ordine francescano in Faenza,.Faenza, 1910; ibid., ‘Le antiche carte del convento di S. Chiara in Faenza’, AFH. V, 1912, 216–76, 482–93; S. Gaddoni, I frati minori in Imol., Florence, 1911,Google Scholar
  25. ‘Documenta ad historiam trium ordinum S. Francisci in Urbe Imolensi’, AFH. V, 1912, 52–73, 544–72, 710–26; VI, 1913, 291–321; VII, 1914, 683–705; VIII, 1915, 23–55, 482–527; L. Wadding, Annales Minoru., Rome, 1731–1886, III, 219; IV, 45, 178.Google Scholar
  26. 47.
    AN. Imola, Zanelli, 3 November 1456; 29 May 1461; on Don Valeriano, see A. Campana, ‘Antico epitafio di Benvenuto da Imola’, SR. VI, 1955, 344–8.Google Scholar
  27. 52.
    Cantinelli, 42, who was a contemporary. See, too, F. Lanzoni, ‘Una vita del Beato Novellone Faentino’, AFH. VI, 1913, 623–53.Google Scholar
  28. 53.
    F. Lanzoni, ‘L’ antico archivio di S. Francesco di Faenza’, AFH. XX, 1927, 589–95.Google Scholar
  29. 54.
    F. Lanzoni, ‘Cose francescane faentine’, AFH. XIV, 1921, 435–41; ‘Una laude in onore di S. Emiliano’ (for battut. of S. Maria della Grazie), Azzurini, 392–5.Google Scholar
  30. 59.
    See, for instance, Registri dei cardinali Ugolino d’Ostia e Ottaviano degli Ubaldin., ed. G. Levi, Rome, 1890, 77–81; Guiraud, II, 387–8;Google Scholar
  31. A. Torre, ‘Le controversie fra 1’ arcivescovo di Ravenna e Rimini nel sec. XIII SR. III, 1951, 333–55;Google Scholar
  32. G. Rossini, ‘Un antica controversia per il possesso di Lugo e di S. Potito’, SR. IV, 1953, 103–17.Google Scholar
  33. 66.
    A. Manzoni, Episcoporum Comeliensium sive Imolensium Historia,.Faenza, 1719, 250–1, 234;Google Scholar
  34. A. Zaccaria, Series Episcoporum Forocome-liensiu., Imola, 1820,124-6. Leale, illegitimate son of Malatesta Guasta- famiglia, after serving as Bishop of Pesaro (1370–4), was translated to Rimini (1374–1400). Rinaldo da Polenta was elected, though not consecrated, as archbishop of Ravenna in September 1321. Scarpetta, the natural son of Francesco II Ordelaffi, was bishop of Forlì in 1391. That Bishop Riccardo of Faenza (f. 1339) was the son of Alberghetto Manfredi is a myth; cf. Ughelli, Favent. Epsicopu., with Valgimigli, VII, 272. A natural son of Francesco Manfredi, however, was bishop of Trivento in the Regno; Azzurini, 129, n.5.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© John Larner 1965

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Larner
    • 1
  1. 1.Glasgow UniversityUK

Personalised recommendations