The Countryside

  • John Larner


Fo. the age in which he lived, the words of the Bolognese agriculturalist quoted above ring ironically upon the ear. How, asked Crescenzii, should one choose and furnish a farm? His answer was, ‘ If you should find yourself in a dangerous neighbourhood, subject to the control of powerful enemies, it is safer to abandon such a place rather than insanely and recklessly to put yourself in a position, where, unless by some chance a Lord with great wealth should be persuaded to build a castle, you will have to prepare yourself for death.’ Were there no protection from a Lord and were there robbers and bandits, and you still decided to stay, Crescenzii gives advice on how to fortify the place, with streams, ditches, dykes, hedges, palisades, and a watchtower, ‘ where the head of the household and his servants may take refuge with their property when there is need ’ Try too, he advised, to find some place where they do not often change their lord.2 It is needless to remark that Romagna was just such an area as Crescenzii had advised his reader to quit.


Rural Commune Military Service Thirteenth Century Fifteenth Century Fourteenth Century 
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  1. 3.
    M. Placucci, ‘Usi e pregiudizii de’ contadini della Romagna’, Forlì, 1818, Titolo IV, reprinted in Romagna tradizional., ed. P. Toschi, Bologna, 1952, 99 f.; ‘Documenti inediti relativi all’ inchiesta napoleonica del 1811 nel dipartmento del Rubicone’, in ibid., 33.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© John Larner 1965

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Larner
    • 1
  1. 1.Glasgow UniversityUK

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