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The Origins of Party Conflict

  • John Larner

Abstract

Fro. the end of the tenth century, ‘ the Exarchate of Ravenna’, which included the whole of Romagna, was within the medieval Empire. At the beginning of the thirteenth century, the papacy attempted to reassert its right to possession of the province, but only with the conflict of Frederick II and Gregory IX, did its claims take on any immediacy. Every town and noble in the province was then faced with the problem of allegiance: to pope or emperor, to Guelf or Ghibelline.

Keywords

Wild Boar Thirteenth Century Fourteenth Century General Council Party Allegiance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

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Copyright information

© John Larner 1965

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Larner
    • 1
  1. 1.Glasgow UniversityUK

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