Space and Time pp 296-314 | Cite as

The Beginning and End of the Universe

  • Richard Swinburne


WHAT does it mean to say that the Universe had a beginning or will have an end and of what sort of proof are these propositions susceptible?


Physical Object Infinite Regress Finite Period Creation Theory Cosmological Theory 


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    Aristotle, On the Heavens, Book i, chapter 10—Book ii, chapter 1.Google Scholar
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    St Bonaventure, Commentary on the Sentences, Book ii, dist. i, pars i, articulus i, quaestio ii.Google Scholar
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    St Thomas Aquinas, Summa Contra Gentiles, 2.32–8.Google Scholar
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    I. Kant, The Critique of Pure Reason, Transcendental Dialectic, chapter 2, ‘The Antinomy of Pure Reason’ especially B.454–61.Google Scholar
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    P. F. Strawson, The Bounds of Sense, London, 1966, part chapter 3.Google Scholar
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    Milton K. Munitz, Space, Time and Creation, Glencoe, Illinois, 1957.Google Scholar
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  9. I have not produced detailed counter-arguments to deal with each of these criticisms individually, but consider that I have met all the criticisms in this chapter and in Chapters i and 14 of this book. For a general attempt to show that many such criticisms are invalid see:Google Scholar
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    G. H. Bird, ‘The Beginning of the Universe ‘, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplementary Volume, 1966, 40, 139–50.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Richard Swinburne 1968

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard Swinburne
    • 1
  1. 1.University of HullUK

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