Machines, Motion, and Progress
It may be that the perspective of history will show that the development of modern industry and the increased motion of population were the main agents that dissolved the old western world into the new. If it does, then these were the vital enemies of Metternich’s Europe. A great many contemporaries believed that they were, for better or for worse. Machines, motion, and progress seemed alien themes to the political régime of Metternich’s Europe, and yet they were growing up in its very midst. It looked like a sharpening historical contradiction, and portended historic conflict and resolution.
KeywordsFactory System Industrial Revolution Iron Product Steam Engine Italian Peninsula
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