National Socialism Seizes Power, 1933
The Nazis suffered such a serious setback in the Reichstag elections of November 1932 that the New York Times predicted in its New Year’s preview of January 1, 1933, that Hitler’s movement was no longer a threat. But the Times, and many others, were wrong. The government of General von Schleicher quickly fell into disarray. Von Papen negotiated again with Hitler and brought renewed pressure on Hindenburg. On January 30, 1933, the aged president reluctantly made Hitler chancellor of a coalition cabinet in which three Nazis seemed to be overwhelmingly counterbalanced by the presence of nine reliable conservatives, with von Papen as vice-chancellor. Another round of elections was called for March 5, 1933, to confirm or reject the new government.
KeywordsCommunist Party Social Democratic German Nation Weimar Republic German People
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