ONE of the curiosities of the British educational scene during the past two hundred years has been the relatively recent date at which manual subjects have become part of the secondary curriculum. Woodwork, metalwork, and handicrafts have established their position as subjects in the curriculum largely during the twentieth century. During the classical period of the Industrial Revolution, the teaching in all types of school was strongly academic. In only a few special or experimental schools did the curriculum include manual work, and not all of these recognized the significance for the educational process of the connection between academic discipline and manual labour.
KeywordsCorporal Punishment General Theme National School Select Committee Solitary Confinement
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