Towards Symbolism

  • F. B. Pinion
Part of the Literary Companions book series (LICOM)


The most persistent symbolism in Hardy is connected with birds. Its significance varies, but its main theme is human happiness and suffering. The happy notes are sometimes ironical, like those heard by Bathsheba when she found herself by a pestilential swamp the morning after discovering Troy’s perfidy (FMC. xliv).


Sensitive Plant Bird Image Human Happiness Wild Duck Cage Bird 
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© F. B. Pinion 1968

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  • F. B. Pinion

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