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Experimental Innovation

  • Marie Boas Hall
Part of the The Documentary History of Western Civilization book series (DHWC)

Abstract

Perhaps the most familiar aspect of the scientific revolution was its remarkable progress in experimental discovery. So much was this the case that Englishmen—long to be leading empiricists in science—commonly spoke indifferently of “the new learning” and “the new experimental philosophy” as if the two were identical (which they were not). By the 1660’s experimental investigation often assumed the name “Baconian”; certainly Bacon had stressed, perhaps overstressed, the importance of experiment in science, but experiment was to be found before Bacon’s influence was felt, and in other countries than England. As Bacon had rightly foreseen, experimental science was democratic and leveling; anyone could experiment, given a subject or a new instrument. It nevertheless remained the case that only the exceptional scientist made original discoveries.

Keywords

Left Ventricle Pulmonary Vein Cervical Artery Experimental Innovation Experimental Philosophy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. SOURCE: From Richard Lower, Tractatus de Corde (London, 1669), translated by K. J. Franklin, On the Heart; in Early Science in Oxford, vol. IX (Oxford, 1932).Google Scholar
  2. SOURCE: Henry Power, Experimental Philosophy (London, 1664), pp. 25, 32–36.Google Scholar
  3. SOURCE: From Evangelista Torricelli, Letter to Ricci (1644) in I. H. B. and A. G. H. Spiers (eds.), The Physical Treatises of Pascal (New York: Columbia University Press, 1937), pp. 163–66.Google Scholar
  4. SOURCE: Jean Pecquent, Experimenta nova anatomica (Paris, 1651); the text is that of the English translation, New Anatomical Experiments (London, 1653), pp. 89–125.Google Scholar
  5. SOURCE: Robert Boyle, New Experiments Physio-Mechanicall, touching the Spring of the Air and its Effects (London, 1660),Google Scholar
  6. taken from Peter Shaw, The Philosophical Works of the Honourable Robert Boyle, Esq., Abridged, methodized and disposed under … General Heads (4 vols., London, 1725) II, 407–14, 417–18, 421–23, 438–39.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1970

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marie Boas Hall

There are no affiliations available

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