The Astronomical Revolution

  • Marie Boas Hall
Part of the The Documentary History of Western Civilization book series (DHWC)


Throughout most of the sixteenth century, acceptance of Copernicanism resulted from those intangible intellectual preferences which make men choose one side or another of any important issue. There were no compelling reasons for accepting the Copernican system in 1543, and no new reasons were to be announced until 1610. Yet between 1572 and 1610 revolutionary ideas about the nature and structure of the heavens were to be enunciated, based upon astronomical observation; and Galileo’s telescopic discoveries of 1609 further worked to destroy the old, traditional astronomy.


Apparent Motion Proper Motion Solid Sphere Sole Motion Diurnal Motion 
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  1. SOURCE: Tycho Brahe De Mundi aetherei recentoribus phaenomenis (Uraniborg, 1588);Google Scholar
  2. in the translation by A. Rupert Hall and Marie Boas Hall, On the Most Recent Phenomena of the Aetherial World, in Occasional Notes of the Royal Astronomical Society, III, no. 21 (1959), 257–63.Google Scholar
  3. SOURCE: Translated by A. Rupert Hall from Johannes Kepler, Astronomia Nova (Prague 1609),Google Scholar
  4. with the exception of the section on astronomy and Scriptures which is taken from Thomas Salusbury, Mathematical Collections, I (London, 1661), 461–67.Google Scholar
  5. SOURCE: Galileo, Dialogo sopra i due Massimi Sistemi del Mondo (Florence, 1632);Google Scholar
  6. in the translation of Thomas Salusbury, Dialogue on the Two Chief Systems of the World, in Mathematical Collections, I (London, 1661), Introduction, pp. 54–60, 126–134, 423–24.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1970

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marie Boas Hall

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