The Organic Law of August 2, 1875 distributed the 225 electoral seats in the Senate on the basis of population; but since the highest number of senators for a department was five (Nord) and (save for the single seat for the Territory of Belfort) the lowest two, those departments with the lightest populations were heavily over-represented. Moreover Seine, which was one and a half times more thickly populated than Nord, was allotted exactly the same number of senators, five. Thus the Senate was weighted in favour of the rural electorate.
KeywordsAbsolute Majority Electoral College Municipal Council Military Coup Rural Electorate
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