The Influence of Cultural Factors on Technological Change in Developing Economies
EVER since man emerged from the most primitive conditions of the Old Stone Age he has experienced technical change and progress. Some periods of human history were characterized by faster and others by slower rates of change so that a few of these latter appear almost stationary in comparison with the former. But until the great upsurge in scientific and technical advancement in Western Europe in the sixteenth century, technological change was never so rapid as to produce social consequences of such complexity as to call for their explicit analysis. The progress of industrialization brought within its confines so many persons, and affected their way of life and their social relations so deeply, that the social and human consequences of technical change came to be regarded as an important problem of study. Beginning with the inquiries undertaken by British Parliamentary Committees into the conditions of the working classes in the various branches of manufacturing in the early nineteenth century, there has been a steady stream of official and non-official studies and surveys of these problems.
KeywordsSocial Relation Technological Change Technical Change Social Disorganization Underdeveloped Country
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