Psychoanalysis and Civilization

  • Sigmund Freud
  • Carl Gustav Jung
Part of the The Documentary History of Western Civilization book series (DHWC)


One of the most forceful shocks administered in our time to the belief in human goodness and progress has come from the revelations of psychoanalysis, and especially those of Dr. Sigmund Freud of Vienna. Although in later life he elaborated a whole philosophy of history and civilization, Freud was first a physician, who earned his M.D. at the University of Vienna as long ago as 1881, and based his understanding of human nature on thousands of hours of professional consultations with mentally disturbed patients. Beneath the rational man of the Enlightenment and the passional man of Romanticism he discovered the still vigorously thriving animal man of prehistory. Even the “innocence of childhood” was demolished by Freud’s inquiries. It follows that he was better equipped than many of the leading thinkers of his generation to explain the psychological significance of the world war that broke out in 1914.


Outer World Collective Individual Psychic Life Spiritual Change Neurotic Disorder 
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  1. “Thoughts for the Times on War and Death,” by Sigmund Freud, in The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, translated from the German under the general editorship of James Strachey, Vol. XIV (Hogarth Press, London, 1957), pp. 275–88. Also published, in the translation by E. Colburn Mayne, in The Collected Papers of Sigmund Freud, Vol. IV (Basic Books, New York, 1959), pp. 288–304. Reprinted by permission of Basic Books, Inc.; Sigmund Freud Copyrights, Ltd.; James Strachey; and The Hogarth Press, Ltd.Google Scholar
  2. Modern Man in Search of a Soul, by Carl Gustav Jung, trans. W. S. Dell and Cary F. Baynes (Harcourt, Brace, New York, 1933), pp. 226–54. Reprinted by permission of Harcourt, Brace and World, Inc., and Routledge and Kegan Paul, Ltd.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1968

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sigmund Freud
  • Carl Gustav Jung

There are no affiliations available

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