Conclusion: Mid-Victorian Imperialism: a Pragmatic Approach to Empire
THE frontier developments which occurred in the years 1873–5 may now be seen in perspective. They were not the start of a ‘new imperialism’. They were experiments in the administration of tropical dependencies. They were strictly limited experiments. Carnarvon refused his consent to annexations beyond Fiji, he appointed Residents in only three of the Malay States, and in West Africa the keynote of his policy was caution. The new policies represented a minimum fulfilment of responsibilities which had been unwillingly incurred.
KeywordsPragmatic Approach Gold Coast Economic Motive Regional History Nationalist Movement
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