The revision and renewal of the Anglo-Japanese alliance July 1910–July 1911
The second Anglo-Japanese alliance of 1905 was due to run for ten years. There was no imperative reason why it should be renewed in 1911 nor did the British government originally contemplate renewal. In the British view, it had become necessary to revise the terms but extension was not at first considered essential. Upon a careful assessment of strategic factors, however, it was soon realised that renewal in 1911 or 1912 was necessary. The Japanese government was not deeply concerned with revision of the terms but was more interested in extending the period of the alliance. All this became clear in the course of the negotiations in the first six months of 1911, ending in the signing on 13 July of the third Anglo-Japanese alliance, which was again to last for a ten-year period. The allies had different motives in undertaking their discussions but were joined by one common factor — both deemed the alliance fundamental to their Far Eastern policies.
KeywordsForeign Policy Foreign Minister Alliance Dinner Article Versus Strict Neutrality
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