During all the preoccupations of the first months of the new reign, Cecil had kept his eye upon Scotland. His first-hand knowledge of the Border and of Scotland, which he gained under Somerset, had been widened by his study of Border problems under Northumberland, whose personal interests had been in the North.1 Cecil’s earlier experience of the importance of Scottish affairs was to prove valuable. The turn of events was to make Scotland the focus of all the major themes of European politics. The rivalry of Hapsburg and Valois, the strife of Catholic and Protestant, the dynastic intrigues which determined the succession to the throne came to centre upon the only foreign country which had a land frontier with England. From the earliest days of Elizabeth’s reign Cecil had been concerned to strengthen the Border.
KeywordsEuropean Politics French Army French Troop Land Frontier Border Problem
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