Burghley pp 161-174 | Cite as

Adversary of the Queen’s Adversaries

  • B. W. Beckingsale


The war in the Netherlands was more effective in destroying the reputation of Leicester than that of the Spanish army. The Earl’s assumption in January 1586 of the governorship, which implied an English claim to sovereignty, enraged Elizabeth. Her object was to restore the liberties of the Netherlands but maintain the nominal suzerainty of Spain. Burghley assured Leicester, CI have already and shall not desist to oppose myself, with good and sound reasons to move her majesty to alter her hard opinion.’1 He remained true to his promise not to intrigue against the absent Earl. If financial stringency forced upon Leicester a defensive and ineffectual campaign, he could not blame the Lord Treasurer, who, commenting on the Queen’s policy, noted, ‘an old rooted opinion that she hath, that all this war will be turned upon her charge, by the backwardness in payment by the States’.2


Financial Stringency Rooted Opinion Hard Opinion English Ambassador French Intervention 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 4.
    TheBardon Papers, ed. C. Read (Camden Soc., 1909), xvii. 43.Google Scholar
  2. 11.
    Hatfield MSS. clxv. 20–21; T. E. Phillips, Imam of a Queen (O.U.P., 1964), 117–42.Google Scholar
  3. 17.
    J. E. Neale, ‘The Fame of Sir Edward Stafford’, E.H.R. (1929), xliv. 203–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 24.
    Williamson, op. cit. 347; R. B. Wernham, Before the Armada (1966), ch. 21; P.R.O., S.P. 12–168–3.Google Scholar
  5. 28.
    P.R.O., S.P. 12–98–29; Wright, op. cit. ii. 358; W. R. Trimble, The Catholic Laity in Elizabethan England, 1558–1603 (Harvard U.P., 1964), 127–8.Google Scholar
  6. 30.
    R. Flower, ‘Laurence Nowell and the Discovery of England in Tudor Times’, Proc. Brit. Acad. (1935), xxi. 65–66; H.M.C., Salisbury MSS. iv. 278; B.M., Lansdowne MSS. ciii. 68; C.S.P. Ireland, 1509–73, 188, 297;Google Scholar
  7. A. Collins, Letters and Memorials of State (1745), i. 362.Google Scholar
  8. 31.
    C.S.P. Ireland, 1509–73, 325; R. Bagwell, Ireland under the Tudors (1885–90).Google Scholar
  9. 32.
    W. R. Scott, The Constitution and Finance of English, Scottish and Irish Joint Stock Companies to 1720 (Cambridge, 1910–12), iii. 516.Google Scholar
  10. 34.
    Harleian Miscellany, ii. 47–59, 60–85, 117–29; Williamson, op. cit. 441; C. Read, LordBurghley and Queen Elizabeth (1960), 437.Google Scholar
  11. 36.
    T. Fuller, The Worthies of England (1811), i. 159; P.R.O., S.P. 12–219–37;Google Scholar
  12. R. B. Wernham, ‘Queen Elizabeth and the Portugal Expedition of 1589’, E.H.R. (1951), xlvi. 1–26, 194–218.Google Scholar
  13. 44.
    Unton Correspondence, ed. J. Stevenson (Roxburghe Club, 1847), passim;Google Scholar
  14. J. B. Black, Henry IV and Elizabeth (Oxford, 1914), passim.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© B. W. Beckingsale 1967

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. W. Beckingsale

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations