Burghley pp 120-134 | Cite as

Challenge and Vindication

  • B. W. Beckingsale


The year 1569 began with an opportunity for Cecil to pursue his policy of discouraging Spain in the Netherlands. Ships carrying bullion for Alva and his army were forced by storm and pirates to put in at Plymouth and Southampton in December 1568. It could be argued that the money, lying in English ports, was still legally in the possession of the Genoese bankers who were shipping it and that it might be borrowed from them. The nice legality involved and the chance of a financial windfall appealed to Cecil. On his advice Elizabeth decided to replenish her treasury and deprive the Spanish army across the North Sea.1


Domestic Politics Lenient Treatment Conciliatory Gesture Grand Alliance Civilise Politics 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    C. Read, ‘Queen Elizabeth’s Seizure of the Duke of Alva’s Pay– ships’, Jour. Mod. Hist. (1933), 443–64.Google Scholar
  2. 6.
    Williams, Thomas Howard, Fourth Duke of Norfolk (1964), 16, 145.Google Scholar
  3. 9.
    Collectanea Topographica et Geneologica., ed. F. Madden et al. (1838), v. 322–8.Google Scholar
  4. 11.
    E. E. Rich, ‘The Population of Elizabethan England’, Ec. Hist. Rev. (1950), ii. 248; P.R.O., S.P. 12–51–6.Google Scholar
  5. 19.
    B.M., Cotton MSS., Caligula B, iv. 235; D. Digges, The Compleat Ambassador (1655), 3–4.Google Scholar
  6. 22.
    B. M. Ward, The Seventeenth Earl of Oxford (1928), 61–66.Google Scholar
  7. 26.
    Ibid. 148–94; State Trials, ed. Howell (1730), i. 82–117; Lodge, op. cit. 526.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© B. W. Beckingsale 1967

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. W. Beckingsale

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations