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Trade Unions, Employers and the Formation of National Economic Policy

  • R. W. Cox

Abstract

Most of the countries with liberal democratic forms of political institutions are now grappling in one manner or another with the problem of associating trade unions and organized employers in certain aspects of economic policy-making. From one standpoint, this may be regarded as the extension of industrial relations into new fields. But to understand the real import of these developments, it is preferable to take a somewhat different view: the decision-making process of public policy in the economic and social field. For it is only by asking: How is national economic policy really determined? What are the effective influences in deciding it?—that the real role of employers’ and workers’ organizations will become apparent.

Keywords

Interest Group Trade Union Industrial Relation Economic Planning Income Policy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    Cf. E. H. Carr, Nationalism and After, London, Macmillan, 1945.Google Scholar
  2. 1.
    I am indebted to the terminology and analytical framework of Gabriel A. Almond, ‘A Functional Approach to Comparative Politics’, in G. A. Almond and J. S. Coleman: The Politics of the Developing Areas, Princeton, 1960.Google Scholar
  3. 1.
    Cf. George C. Homans, The Human Group, London, Routledge and Kegan Paul, Ltd., 1951.Google Scholar
  4. 1.
    Cf. Jean Meynaud: L’Élaboration de la politiqueé conomique, 1959, p. 69.Google Scholar
  5. Maurice Byé, ‘Le Conseil économique et social’, in Revueé conomique (Armand Colin, Paris), No. 6, November 1962, pp. 897–919.Google Scholar
  6. 2.
    F. Sellier: Stratégie de la lutte sociale, Paris, 1961, pp. 127–128.Google Scholar
  7. 3.
    Cf. J. Dessau, ‘Planning and Incomes Policy in France’, British Journal of Industrial Relations, Vol. 1, No. 3, October 1963.Google Scholar
  8. 1.
    Cf. H. W. Ehrmann, Organized Business in France, Princeton, 1957, p. 150.Google Scholar
  9. 1.
    Among various evidences of the formation of opinion favourable to this development cf. Club Jean Moulin, L’État et le citoyen, Paris, 1961, pp. 267 ff.Google Scholar
  10. François Bloch-Lainé, Pour une réforme de l’entreprise, Paris, 1963.Google Scholar
  11. 1.
    N. Engineer, ‘Trade Unions and Plan Formulation in India’, International Labour Review, Vol. LXXXVIII, No. 3, September 1963.Google Scholar
  12. 2.
    This and the following observations are based in large part upon Myron Weiner, The Politics of Scarcity, Public Pressure and Political Response in India, University of Chicago Press, 1962.Google Scholar
  13. 1.
    The case for strengthening the central authority of the TUC within the trade union movement so that it would deal more effectively with economic planning is put in a broadsheet published by Political and Economic Planning: The Structure and Organization of British Trade Unions, London, 1963.Google Scholar
  14. 5.
    Yugoslavia, Služ beni list, No. 16, 1962; ibid., No. 19, 1963.Google Scholar
  15. 1.
    Probably due to the fact that the relevant theoretical information is available in Yugoslavia. See also Organisation et équipement des ateliers de construction mécanique, Formation du personnel; G. W. Hagner and H. Weng, Arbeitsschwierigkeit und Lohn; both translated in Odredjivanje tarifnih stavova, Book I, Procena Posla, Belgrade, 1952, published by the Labour Productivity Institute of the Yugoslavia.Google Scholar
  16. 4.
    See S. Matič, ‘Tri ankete o funkcioniranju radničkog samoupravljanja’, Sociologija, II (1960), No. 7, p. 138.Google Scholar
  17. 1.
    Marija Novosel, Djelovanje plačanja po jedinici proizvoda na zdravlje i zadovoljstvo radnika, Institut za društveno upravljanje NRH, Zagreb, 1962.Google Scholar
  18. 2.
    S. Matič, M. Poček, G. Bosanac, Aktivnost radnih ljudi u samoupravljanju radnom organizacijom, Institut za društveno upravljanje NRH, Zagreb, 1962.Google Scholar
  19. 2.
    Yugoslavia, Statistički godišnjak, 1963, pp. 278, 461.Google Scholar
  20. 2.
    See Jakim Sinadinovski, ‘Prvi pokušaji empiriskih istraživanja radničkog samoupravljanja’, Sociologija, I (1959), No. 1, p. 151.Google Scholar
  21. 2.
    For instance, M. Todorovič, ‘O nekim ekonomskim pitanjima’, Naša stvarnost, X (1956), No. 7–8.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© International Institute for Labour Studies 1966

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. W. Cox

There are no affiliations available

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