It is not surprising to find that there were many distinctive features of Scottish politics in the later nineteenth century. Scotland, after all, constituted a separate nation, not only de facto, as was the case with Wales, but also by reason of certain important existing constitutional provisions. If this were not enough to make Scottish political behaviour markedly different from that of the remainder of the United Kingdom, there were also many geographical peculiarities of the country to provide special problems in its social and political evolution.1


Labour Party Liberal Party Conservative Party Social Geography Farm Servant 
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  1. 2.
    See C. D. Farran, Principles of Scots and English Land Law (Edinburgh, 1958), esp. pp. 69–73.Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    For a recent study of Scottish religious history see J. H. S. Burleigh, Church History of Scotland (1960).Google Scholar
  3. 1.
    J. W. Crombie to Bryce, 3 Nov. 1891, Bryce Papers. Cf. K. D. Buckley, Trade Unionism in Aberdeen, 1878–1900 (Edinburgh, 1955), p. 147.Google Scholar
  4. 1.
    For comparative statistics see J. B. Russell, Public Health Administration in Glasgow (Glasgow, 1905), p. 495.Google Scholar
  5. 1.
    A. Birrell, Things Past Redress (1937), p. 131 ; Glasgow Herald, 13 July 1892, 12 Jan. 1910.Google Scholar
  6. 2.
    For a good description see H. H. Asquith, Earl of Oxford and Asquith, Memories and Reflections (1928), i, 106–7.Google Scholar
  7. 1.
    D. F. Macdonald, Scotland’s Shifting Population, 1770–1850 (Glasgow, 1937), pp. 77 ff.Google Scholar
  8. 2.
    W. M. Metcalfe, History of Paisley (Paisley, 1909), p. 469.Google Scholar
  9. 3.
    J. Donald, Past Parliamentary Elections in Greenock (Greenock, 1933), p. 47.Google Scholar
  10. 3.
    For Hardie’s fight see H. Peiling, Origins of the Labour Party (1954), pp. 68–73; J. G. Kellas, ‘The Mid-Lanark Election and the Scottish Labour Party’, Parliamentary Affairs, xviii (1965).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Henry Pelling 1967

Authors and Affiliations

  • Henry Pelling
    • 1
  1. 1.St. John’s CollegeCambridgeUK

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