Working Out the First Five Year Plan
During the 1920’s planning had been carried out for specific state-owned industries, and there had been attempts to construct a plan for the entire national economy. From 1925 the State Planning Commission (Gosplan) published “control figures,” setting approximate goals for the forthcoming economic year (which in this period began in October). These control figures, however, were largely forecasts of likely developments based on current trends, the Gosplan economists believing that the huge private sector of peasant agriculture prevented prescriptive planning. Nonetheless, by 1927 it was decided to work out a prescriptive plan for a five-year period. A number of agencies proposed plans, which were widely discussed. The Gosplan proposals retained the idea that planning was limited by the structure of the Soviet economy and stressed the need for several variants of the plan to allow for unfavorable circumstances. The issue was discussed at the 15th Party Congress in December, 1927, and Gosplan was formally instructed to draw up a Five Year Plan. The following speech to the Congress by the head of Gosplan, G. M. Krzhizhanovsky, discussing an early Gosplan draft, describes the history of planning work and reflects the daring yet relatively flexible attitude of Gosplan at the beginning of the Five Year Plan era.
KeywordsControl Figure Transport Service Planning Work Comprehensive Plan Capitalist Country
- Speech of G. M. Krzhizhanovsky to the 15th Party Congress, International Press Correspondence, Vol. VIII (1928), No. 2, pp. 60–63, with deletions. Translation slightly modified by the editors.Google Scholar