The Seventeenth and early Eighteenth Centuries: the Causes of Decline
THE land tax investigations have emphasised three main features of the small owner-occupiers in the late eighteenth century: they occupied only a small proportion of the land (some 10 per cent in the counties examined); they were outnumbered by the small absentee owners — who indeed were twice as numerous as the small occupying owners; and last, the small owner-occupiers were usually very few in old-enclosed parishes, i.e. parishes enclosed by agreement before the era of parliamentary enclosure.
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- 1.See H. J. Habakkuk, ‘English Landownership 1680–1740’, Econ. Hist. Rev., X (1940); G. E. Mingay, English Landed Society in the Eighteenth Century (1965), ch. II.Google Scholar
- 2.H. J. Habakkuk, ‘La Disparition du Paysan Anglais’, Annales, XX, 4 (1965), pp. 650–4, 658–9, 662.Google Scholar
- 2.T. Stone, Suggestions for rendering the Inclosures … a source of population and Riches (1787), p. 41.Google Scholar
- 8.For details see G. E. Mingay, ‘The Size of Farms in the Eighteenth Century’, Econ. Hist. Rev., 2nd ser., XIV (1961–2), pp. 480–4.Google Scholar