The Seventeenth and early Eighteenth Centuries: the Causes of Decline

  • G. E. Mingay
Part of the Studies in Economic and Social History book series (SESH)


THE land tax investigations have emphasised three main features of the small owner-occupiers in the late eighteenth century: they occupied only a small proportion of the land (some 10 per cent in the counties examined); they were outnumbered by the small absentee owners — who indeed were twice as numerous as the small occupying owners; and last, the small owner-occupiers were usually very few in old-enclosed parishes, i.e. parishes enclosed by agreement before the era of parliamentary enclosure.


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  1. 1.
    See H. J. Habakkuk, ‘English Landownership 1680–1740’, Econ. Hist. Rev., X (1940); G. E. Mingay, English Landed Society in the Eighteenth Century (1965), ch. II.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    H. J. Habakkuk, ‘La Disparition du Paysan Anglais’, Annales, XX, 4 (1965), pp. 650–4, 658–9, 662.Google Scholar
  3. 2.
    T. Stone, Suggestions for rendering the Inclosures … a source of population and Riches (1787), p. 41.Google Scholar
  4. 8.
    For details see G. E. Mingay, ‘The Size of Farms in the Eighteenth Century’, Econ. Hist. Rev., 2nd ser., XIV (1961–2), pp. 480–4.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Economic History Society 1968

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. E. Mingay
    • 1
  1. 1.University of KentCanterburyUK

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