The following document is another example of a model charter from the Merovingian period of Frankish history (see Document 10). It represents a precarium, sometimes precaria, equivalent to a benefice, by which a church alienated the use of a property while retaining a distant right of ownership over it. This sort of conditional and nonhereditary land grant is considered to be the direct ancestor of the fief. The model charter, translated by D. Herlihy, comes from Formulae merovingici et karolini aevi, ed. Zeumer, p. 139.
KeywordsTwelfth Century Unusual Circumstance Intimate Friend Direct Ancestor Deceased Count
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