Polybius’ account had been rendered rather too schematic by his theory of the mixed constitution, but is a brilliant analysis of the Roman government as it was in the third and second centuries b.c. His main distortion of the real situation is his separation of the consuls from the senate. Since the consuls had been senators for about ten years before their election and continued to be senators for life and were nearly all drawn from senatorial families, they were normally merely executants of senatorial policy. Some points of detail require comment.
KeywordsPublic Building Absolute Power Military Tribune Absolute Authority Secret Ballot
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