The Middle Republic (287–146 b.c.)
The first date, fixed by Polybius by reference to events in Greek history, works out to 387 b.c.; the latter Varronian chronology made it 390 b.c. The date of Pyrrhus’ invasion is 281 b.c. Pyrrhus was king of Epirus and one of the most famous generals of the generation following Alexander the Great. His defeat at the head of a powerful and up-to-date army (equipped with elephants) demonstrated that Rome was now a world power on a par with the Hellenistic kingdoms.
KeywordsDirect Taxation Private Capacity Military Tribune Greek City Roman People
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