The Civil War and Franco’s Triumph
The Civil War that broke out in the middle of July, 1936, was to drag on for almost three years, costing the lives of hundreds of thousands and producing all sorts of international repercussions. A day after the uprising of Army units in Spanish Morocco on July 17, one of the principal Army conspirators, General Francisco Franco, was flown in from the Canary Islands. His first decision was to take steps to obtain aerial transport planes from Italy and Germany so that he could move his 32,000 men across the Straits of Gibraltar. From northern Spain General Emilio Mola sent out similar pleas. Hitler’s decision to aid the rebels was forthcoming on July 26; Mussolini’s the next day. It was this decisive intervention by Germany and Italy that prevented the Republican government from quickly putting down the rebellion. Before the end of July German and Italian planes were facilitating the airlift to the mainland, and within six weeks all of southwestern Spain was taken. By September Franco’s units were within 40 miles of Madrid.
KeywordsCanary Island National Council Foreign Minister Special Agreement Republican Government
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.