For this continent too one must lament the absence of wage statistics. In the words of an I.L.O. report: ‘it is extremely difficult to analyse closely the wage situation in African countries owing to the scarcity of available data’.1 There is also the customary neglect of wage policies in development plans. Although more than twenty African countries, accounting for nearly 70 per cent of the output of goods and services in the African continent excluding the Republic of South Africa, have now formulated their development plans, major surveys of them fail to contain a single reference to wages or wage policies.2


Trade Union Real Wage Wage Increase Wage Earner Wage Policy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    I.L.O., Methods and Principles of Wage Regulation (Geneva 1964). Second African Regional Conference. Report III. Addis Ababa 1964. p. 17.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, Economic Bulletins, (Tun 1962) 21. 29–64: Tan 1964. pp. 39. 64.Google Scholar
  3. 2.
    E. J. Berg, ‘Backward-Sloping Supply Functions in Dual Economies: The African Case’, The Quarterly Journal of Economics (Aug 1961) 471.Google Scholar
  4. 1.
    W. Elkan, Migrants and Proletarians: Urban Labour in the Economic Development of Uganda (1960) 82.Google Scholar
  5. 3.
    I.L.O., Report to the Government of Ghana on Questions of Wage Policy, I.L.O./T.A.P./Ghana/R6 (Geneva 1962) 34.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The International Institute for Labour Studies 1969

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anthony D. Smith
    • 1
  1. 1.International Institute for Labour StudiesGenevaSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations