Chapter 2

  • H. P. Owen
Part of the Philosophy of Religion Series book series (PHRES)


Classical theism rests on the belief that God is infinite, that his infinity is to be understood primarily in terms of his self-existence, and that he is therefore the Creator of the world ex nihilo. But many distinguished philosophers have held that God is finite. I shall mention three — two from the ancient, and one from the modern, world.


Moral Evil Divine Nature Teleological Argument Christian Theist Concrete Existence 
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  1. 30.
    Sankara’s teaching, and Hindu monism as a whole, is well summarised by R. C. Zaehner in his ‘Hinduism’ (Oxford University Press, 1962) ch 2–4. The Western philosopher closest to Sankara is F. H. Bradley, who regarded the world as a mere ‘appearance’ of the Absolute. It is important to realise that (as Zaehner shows) the monistic element in Hinduism has always coexisted with theistic elements. I shall recur to this point later in this book.Google Scholar
  2. 55.
    It cannot be too strongly stressed that the doctrine of the Trinity defines the Christian understanding of God’s love. For the basic principles that govern the interpretation of the doctrine I must refer the reader back to my remarks in my first section on ‘Classical theism’. A full and perceptive account of recent writing on the subject is contained in C. Welch’s ‘The Trinity in Contemporary Theology’ (S.C.M. Press, 1953).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© H. P. Owen 1971

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. P. Owen
    • 1
  1. 1.King’s CollegeUniversity of LondonUK

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