Classical theism rests on the belief that God is infinite, that his infinity is to be understood primarily in terms of his self-existence, and that he is therefore the Creator of the world ex nihilo. But many distinguished philosophers have held that God is finite. I shall mention three — two from the ancient, and one from the modern, world.
KeywordsMoral Evil Divine Nature Teleological Argument Christian Theist Concrete Existence
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- 30.Sankara’s teaching, and Hindu monism as a whole, is well summarised by R. C. Zaehner in his ‘Hinduism’ (Oxford University Press, 1962) ch 2–4. The Western philosopher closest to Sankara is F. H. Bradley, who regarded the world as a mere ‘appearance’ of the Absolute. It is important to realise that (as Zaehner shows) the monistic element in Hinduism has always coexisted with theistic elements. I shall recur to this point later in this book.Google Scholar
- 55.It cannot be too strongly stressed that the doctrine of the Trinity defines the Christian understanding of God’s love. For the basic principles that govern the interpretation of the doctrine I must refer the reader back to my remarks in my first section on ‘Classical theism’. A full and perceptive account of recent writing on the subject is contained in C. Welch’s ‘The Trinity in Contemporary Theology’ (S.C.M. Press, 1953).Google Scholar