IN 1900 the non-Socialist members of the Council had no formal organisation which met before the Council meeting to plan their course of action inside the Council. This was because neither the Conservative nor Liberal Parties professed distinctive municipal programmes, which they required their representatives to implement; they did not fight local elections formally as parties; they did not pay the election expenses of their members who contested seats, nor did they pay their Councillors any out-of-pocket expenses. Nor had they a tradition of collective action. On the Council the members of one party did not continually vote together as permanent groups, for on each issue there was a new combination of individuals.
KeywordsConservative Group Labour Group Labour Party Council Meeting Party Organisation
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