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‘Terylene’ Polyester Fibre

  • John Jewkes
  • David Sawers
  • Richard Stillerman

Abstract

Terylene has already established itself as one of the great synthetic fibres possessing qualities such as toughness, resistance to abrasion and to sunlight, and resiliency (particularly in the form of staple fibre) which renders it the equal of, and in someways superior to, Nylon. It was discovered in March 1941 by J. R. Whinfield and J. T. Dickson,1 who, at the time, were research workers at the Calico Printers’ Association. The crucial idea came to the inventors from a study of the work of W. H. Carothers, the inventor of Nylon. As explained elsewhere, the outstandingwork of Carothers on condensation polymers opened up vast new fields to thepolymer chemist. Carothers had at first devoted his efforts to the production offibres from the polyesters but, finding them to possess an impracticably low meltingpoint, he turned his attention to the polyamides and discovered Nylon, the firstsynthetic fibre. Whinfield and Dickson succeeded where Carothers had failed; theydiscovered a polyester with a high melting point, and, by good fortune, the fibrepossessed other important qualities which could not have been predicted but werediscovered later in the process of development.

Keywords

Polyethylene Terephthalate Terephthalic Acid Polyester Fibre Good Fortune Synthetic Fibre 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    Whinfield, J. R., ‘The Development of Terylene’, Textile Research Journal, May 1953.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Whinfield, J. R., ‘Fibres from Aromatic Polyesters’, Endeavour, 11, 29 (1952).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Whinfield, J. R., ‘Chemistry of Terylene’, Nature, 158, 930 (1946).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Osborne, W. F., ‘Terylene is Here’, I.C.I. Magazine, May 1955.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    ‘Polyester Fibres’, Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology, vol. 13.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Izard, E. F., ‘Scientific Success: Story of Polyethylene Terephthalate’, Chemical and Engineering News, Sept. 1954.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hill, Rowland, ‘Polyesters and Terylene Fibr’, Journal of Royal Institute of Chemistry, Jan. 1955.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© John Jewkes, David Sawers and Richard Stillerman 1969

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Jewkes
  • David Sawers
  • Richard Stillerman

There are no affiliations available

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