The history of the appearance and the growing use of detergents can be summarised as follows. In the First World War the Germans produced some poor general substitutes for soap when soap was virtually unobtainable (the Nekals). Later, powdered fine-wash detergents only suitable for wool and silk were produced (as, for example, Dreft). Next, powdered or liquid dish-washing substances appeared, often based on Teepol in Great Britain. More recently heavy-duty general-purpose detergent powders based on alkylaryl sulphonates and complex phosphates have been marketed (Surf, Daz, etc.). Other types for other purposes are on the point of introduction or may be expected in the near future, such as enzyme-containing detergents, synthetic detergents for general toilet purposes, perhaps even in toilet bar form.
KeywordsFatty Alcohol Synthetic Detergent Complex Phosphate Detergent Property Good Detergent
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