• John Jewkes
  • David Sawers
  • Richard Stillerman


Silicones aie synthetic organic compounds of silicon, constructed of alternate atoms of silicon and oxygen, with organic groups such as methyl or phenyl attached to the silicon atoms. Silicones have unique qualities. They possess a relative constancy of properties over a far wider range of temperatures than any other organic material can withstand: consequently silicone oils, greases, resins and rubbers are used where high or low temperatures, or great variations in temperature, are experienced. Their good electrical properties enable them to be used in electrical insulation; combined with their heat-resistance, this gave them their first application, as a resin varnish binding fibre-glass insulation. The water-repellency and low surface tension of the fluids makes them ideally suited for use as water-repellent agents and mould release agents. All the variety of silicone materials are produced by small variation in the basic structure and the attached organic groups; consequently many more were discovered once the first industrial applications of silicones led to a general study of their nature.


Ferritic Stainless Steel Good Electrical Property Shell Mold Cent Chromium Grignard Reaction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    McGregor, R. R., Silicones and their Uses, 1954.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Letter from R. R. McGregor, Sept. 1955.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bass, S. L., Hyde, J. F., Britton, E. C., and McGregor, R. R., ‘Silicones — High Polymeric Substances’, Modern Plastics, Nov. 1944.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bass, S. L., ‘Silicones — New Engineering Materials’, Chemistry and Industry, Apr. 1947.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Emblem, H. G., and Sos, F. L., ‘Silicon Organic Compounds’, Chemistry and Industry, Dec. 1946.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Quail, F. J., ‘Silicone Horizons’, Canadian Chemical Processing, Sept. 1953.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Midland Silicones Ltd., An Introduction to Silicones.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Freeman, G. G., ‘Silicones, An Introduction to their Chemistry and Applications’, The Plastic Institute, Plastics Monograph no. C.9.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Rochow, E. G., An Introduction to the Chemistry of Silicones, 1951.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© John Jewkes, David Sawers and Richard Stillerman 1969

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Jewkes
  • David Sawers
  • Richard Stillerman

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations