Hardening of Liquid Fats

  • John Jewkes
  • David Sawers
  • Richard Stillerman

Abstract

One consequence of the rise in population and in the standard of living during the nineteenth century was that the demand for solid fats for soap and food tended to outrun the supply. Adequate supplies of liquid fats, such as whale-oil and seed- oils, were available; the invention of a process for hardening them in the first decade of this century has ensured plentiful and cheap supplies of solid fats to meet the ever-increasing demand.

Keywords

Nickel Catalysis Monopoly Lodestone 

References

  1. 1.
    Wilson, C., The History of Unilever, 1954.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ellis, Carleton, ‘The Hydrogenation of Organic Substances’ (3rd edition of the Hydrogenation of Oils), 1930.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ellis, Carleton, The Hydrogenation of Oils, 2nd edition, 1919.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Waterman, H. I., The Hydrogenation of Fatty Oils, 1951.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Obituary of Dr. W. Normann, Fette und Seifen, May 1939.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© John Jewkes, David Sawers and Richard Stillerman 1969

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Jewkes
  • David Sawers
  • Richard Stillerman

There are no affiliations available

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