Germany and Its Occupied Ally: The German Occupation, the Repubblica di Salò, and the Deportations of Jews
Mussolini’s arrest had infuriated Hitler. He would have ordered an immediate attack on Rome were it not for his advisors Field Marshall Erwin Rommel and Alfred Jodl (Chief of the Armed Forces High Command Operations Staff) urging him to take a different course of action. Germany flooded Italy with swastika clad troops and in so doing stalled an announcement of an armistice. When Badoglio finally dissolved Italy’s partnership with the Reich, the Germans were already in position to take Rome.1 Badoglio’s announcement of an armistice with the Allies on September 8, 1943 and the subsequent invasion of German forces into Italy furthered camp-town relationship. Locals’ service of Fossoli continued uninterrupted as the Germans commandeered the camp, deported the POWs, and instructed the town leadership to prepare for Fossoli’s new function as an internment camp for Jews.
KeywordsConcentration Camp Train Station German Occupation Occupied Zone British Soldier
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