Vovô: The Man, His Vision, His Legacy

  • Niyi Afolabi
Part of the African Histories and Modernities book series (AHAM)


This chapter focuses on the life of the president of Ilê Aiyê as a biocritical study that simultaneously interfaces with the history of the organization. A man full of presence and conscience, a visionary to the core, and an unmistakably charismatic leader, Antônio Carlos dos Santos, otherwise known as Vovô, needs no introduction among contemporary Afro-Brazilian cultural and political movements.


Racial Discrimination Charismatic Leader Black Mother Black Culture Music Festival 
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  1. 1.
    Excerpt of poem “Quebranto” (evil eye) by Cuti. For the full cited translation see Niyi Afolabi et al., eds., Cadernos Negros/Black Notebooks: Contemporary Afro-Brazilian Literary Movement (Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, 2008), 59.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    See Barbara Caine, Biography and History (New York: Palgrave, 2010).Google Scholar
  3. 13.
    Adam Blatner, “The Implications of Postmodernism for Psychotherapy,” Individual Psychology 53, no. 4 (1997): 2.Google Scholar
  4. 14.
    Ibid. See also David Feinstein and Stanley Krippner, Personal Mythology: The Psychology of Your Evolving Self (Detroit, MI: Tarcher, 1988).Google Scholar
  5. 15.
    Henry Drewal, “Art History, Agency, and Identity: Yoruba Transcultural Currents in the Making of Black Brazil,” in Black Brazil: Culture, Identity, and Social Mobilization ed. Larry Crook and Randal Johnson (Los Angeles: UCLA Latin American Center Publications, 1999), 143–174.Google Scholar
  6. 16.
    Ilê Aiyê, O Negro e o Poder: Cadernos de Educação (Salvador: Ilê Aiyê, 2006), 32.Google Scholar
  7. 19.
    For a fuller description of this ambivalent and ambiguous relationship, see Walter Altino de Sousa Jr., O Ilê Aiyê e a Rela çã o com o Estado: Interfaces e Ambigüidades entre Poder e Cultura na Bahia (Salvador: Fast Design, 2007).Google Scholar

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© Niyi Afolabi 2016

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