Saudi Arabia and Iran in Early Twentieth Century
The relative weakness of state authority in early twentieth-century Gulf history made the task of stabilizing the region arduous. This barred Saudi Arabia and Iran from retaining lasting ties of major significance, which was further complicated by Iran’s foreign policy outlook. Whereas the leaders in the Arabian peninsula preferred to persuade foreign powers as they fought amongst themselves (out of which process the Saudi state was formed), Iran’s more advanced and cohesive state structure, vibrant civil society, and long history of battling colonial influences placed it at odds with external powers in the region.
KeywordsSaudi Arabia Foreign Policy United Arab Emirate Arabian Peninsula Arab World
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