Overview of Saudi-Iranian Relations

  • Banafsheh Keynoush


Before World War II, Saudi Arabia and Iran had limited exchanges, except over the regulation of the annual pilgrimage to the holy cities of Makkah and Madinah in the Hijaz region of western Arabia. The pilgrimage encouraged small-scale trade of Persian goods, mainly carpets, and the settlement of a small Persian community in Jeddah. Meanwhile, boundary disputes, which included several joint oilfields, remained dormant when the challenge of internal state security was a more urgent concern.1


Saudi Arabia Foreign Policy Religious Establishment Nuclear Program Islamic Identity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 8.
    See Stephen M. Walt, “The Enduring Relevance of the Realist Tradition,” in Political Science: State of the Discipline III, eds. Ira Katznelson and Helen Milner (New York: W.W. Norton, 2003), pp. 200Google Scholar
  2. 13.
    For a detailed discussion about the balance of power approach, see David J. Myers, Regional Hegemons: Threat Perception and Strategic Response (Boulder: Westview Press, 1991), p. 90.Google Scholar
  3. 15.
    See Raymond Hinnebusch, “Introduction: The Analytical Framework,” in The Foreign Policies of Middle East States, ed. Raymond Hinnebusch and Anoushiravan Ehteshami (Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2002), pp. 19Google Scholar
  4. 16.
    For a similar argument on the balance of power see Stephen M. Walt, Origins of Alliances (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1987), p. 216.Google Scholar
  5. 20.
    Ole R. Holsti, “Theories of International Relations and Foreign Policy: Realism and Its Challengers,” in Controversies in International Relations Theory: Realism and the Neoliberal Challenge, ed. Charles W. Kegley, Jr. (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1995), pp. 35–65Google Scholar
  6. Paul Salem, Bitter Legacy: Ideology and Politics in the Arab World (Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1994), pp. 273–274.Google Scholar
  7. 21.
    “Complexity theory” examines both the macro-level (actions of the state) as well as the micro-level (inter alia, “change in the skills of people”). See James N. Rosenau, Distant Proximities: Dynamics Beyond Globalization (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2003), pp. xiGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Banafsheh Keynoush 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Banafsheh Keynoush

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations