Bonyads as Agents and Vehicles of the Islamic Republic’s Soft Power

  • William Bullock Jenkins


The Islamic Republic of Iran’s regional influence is an enduring and increasingly important factor in Middle Eastern geopolitics. Yet, while Iran’s hard power capabilities are well documented, its exercise of soft power has received less attention, even though it is an equally—if not more—important axis of Iran’s regional roles. Soft power has taken center-stage in the rhetorical lexicon of Iran’s politicians, academics, and policymakers as qodrat-e narm. Iranian policymakers now regard soft power as fundamental to Iran’s foreign policy. Iran’s President, Hassan Rouhani, stated in his 2013 presidential campaign that “Iran needs soft power.”2


Foreign Policy Middle East Soft Power Islamic Republic Iranian State 
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© William Bullock Jenkins 2016

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  • William Bullock Jenkins

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