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Abstract

Historians and other social scientists, using various models and criteria, have defined several stages of societal development. Some have made the list lengthy; others have abbreviated it. However, each social scientist seems to acknowledge that the greatest revolutions in human history were the agricultural and industrial revolutions, which gave birth to the agricultural and industrial civilizations, respectively. Historians also acknowledge that these two revolutions have had the greatest impact on human ways of living and states of living, or on their cultures and economic conditions. There is also agreement on at least three major stages of societal development or civilization: the preagricultural, the agricultural, and the industrial stage. Nevertheless, a growing number of historians think that the information and communications revolutions represent another great revolution in human history that is destined to transform both the cultures and economic conditions of people everywhere.

Keywords

Industrial Revolution Industrial Society Transitional Period Agricultural Community Societal Development 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    Jared Diamond, Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fate of Human Societies (W. W. Norton, 1999), 92.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Charles Van Doren, A History of Knowledge (Ballantine Books, 1991), 263.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Joel Rogers and Ruy Teixeira, “America’s Forgotten Majority,” The Atlantic (June 2000): 68.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    J. L. Sadie, “The Social Anthropology of Underdevelopment,” The Economic journal 70, no. 278 (June 1960): 294–303.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    John Garraty and Peter Gay, The Columbia History of the World (Harper & Row, 1972), 23.Google Scholar
  6. 7.
    Jack Weatherford, Savages and Civilization (Ballantine Books, 1994), 46.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Mohamed Rabie 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohamed Rabie

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