Meaning of Sustainable Development

  • Mohamed Rabie


The Club of Rome was the first organization to use the term “sustainable” in its 1972 report titled The Limits to Growth, written by a group of scientists led by Dennis and Donnella Meadows. Describing the desirable “state of global equilibrium,” the authors wrote, “We are searching for a model output that represents a world system that is: (1) sustainable without sudden and uncontrolled collapse; and (2) capable of satisfying the basic material requirements of all of its people.”1 But developing a world system where a state of equilibrium prevails requires balancing economic production, peoples’ actions and desires, and nature’s ability to renew depleted resources, when no one is able to determine the feasible rate of resource extraction or the actual rate of resource renewal or to control people’s actions.


Sustainable Development Population Growth Rate World System Economic Growth Rate Military Spending 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  1. 1.
    Donovan Finn, Our Uncertain Future: Can Good Planning Create Sustainable Communities? (University of Illinois Press, 2009), 3.Google Scholar
  2. 7.
    B. Cohen and M. I. Winn, “Market Imperfections; Opportunity and Sustainable Entrepreneurship,”. Journal of Business Venturing 22, no. 1 (2007): 29–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 13.
    Robert W. Kates, Thomas M. Parris, and Anthony A. Leiserowitz, “What Is Sustainable Development?,” Environment: Science and policy for Sustainable Development 47, no. 3 (2005): 9.Google Scholar
  4. 27.
    Mohamed Rabie, Saving Capitalism and Democracy (Palgrave Macmillan, 2013), Chapter 9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

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© Mohamed Rabie 2016

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  • Mohamed Rabie

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