Since the appearance of early human societies, humankind’s search for food and security has never stopped; and humankind’s capacity to control and manipulate life conditions has never failed to make progress. Factors that contributed to this development included the evolution of private property, which made humankind’s struggle for wealth and against exploitation and slavery an unending story. However, progress toward higher levels of material and cultural achievements has come gradually; the slow development of technological innovations and social, cultural, and economic transformations made progress incremental. On the other hand, the development of agriculture and the formation of permanent human settlements gave birth to the idea of progress and the concept of change. But for people to be willing to change, they have to be aware of the promise and cost of change, which only life experience and education can facilitate.


Education System Educational Institution Societal Development Societal System Traditional Wisdom 
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    Mohamed Rabie, “The Future of Education in the Arab World,” in The Arab Future: Critical Issues, ed. Michael E. Hudson (Georgetown University Press, 1979), 19–28.Google Scholar
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    Sophie Bessis, From Social Exclusion to Social Cohesion: A Policy Agenda (UNESCO, 1995), 21.Google Scholar

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© Mohamed Rabie 2016

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  • Mohamed Rabie

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