Another factor is particularly important in the explanation of cross-country differences in longevity, which appear to be unrelated to cross-country differences in health expenditures among high-income countries. This factor is the institutional framework of the health system, which is found to be associated with systematic differences in the degree of cost-efficiency. While a causal interpretation of the correlations identified in this book remains inappropriate, the following health policies and institutions are associated with a higher degree of cost-efficiency: a stronger regulation of prices, health systems decentralization as well as a higher degree of competition among health providers and private insurers.


Life Expectancy OECD Country Health Expenditure Health Inequality Generic Drug 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Fabrice Murtin 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fabrice Murtin
    • 1
  1. 1.Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)France

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