Progress in longevity has had dramatic consequences on societies. First, the reductions in infant and adult mortality have reduced fertility and partly triggered the demographic transition, which consisted of an increase then a decrease in population growth that was larger among lower-income countries. Second, progress in longevity has had a dramatic impact on child education as it explains about one third of the increase in child education among OECD countries between 1870 and 1970.


Life Expectancy OECD Country Health Improvement Natural Rate Demographic Transition 


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© Fabrice Murtin 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fabrice Murtin
    • 1
  1. 1.Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)France

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