The Health of Nations since the Industrial Revolution

  • Fabrice Murtin


The last two centuries have witnessed an unprecedented improvement in income and health standards. Longevity has only started to converge across countries after Second World War, yet this convergence process is deemed to continue over the next 50 years. Gains in life expectancy were primarily achieved at a lower age among lower-income countries and mostly concerned respiratory, digestive or congenital diseases. A reduction in morbidity has clearly been associated with this fall in mortality.


Life Expectancy Infant Mortality OECD Country Industrial Revolution Healthy Life Expectancy 
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Copyright information

© Fabrice Murtin 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fabrice Murtin
    • 1
  1. 1.Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)France

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