In his book The Great Escape: Health, Wealth and the Origins of Inequality, Angus Deaton examines the “Great Divergence” of income (Pomeranz, 2001) that has taken place across parts of the world over the last two centuries, and the associated Escape from Hunger and Premature Death (Fogel, 2004) that has hit countries at different times. He looks at the strong relationship between income and longevity both within and between countries, dismisses the causal link from income to health, and points at the role played by other factors such as the quality of health institutions and knowledge (see Weil, 2014, 2015 for a discussion of the literature and the book).
KeywordsEconomic Growth Health Expenditure Health Institution Health Improvement Human Capital Accumulation
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