Challenging German Ambitions: Clandestine British Military Operations in Romania, 1939–1941
Romania began to figure in British calculations about Hitler’s intentions in Central and Eastern Europe after the Anschluss of March 1938.1 It was generally believed in the War Office that Germany would seek to impose its will on the area before turning its attention towards Western Europe. Given Romania’s geographical position there was little Britain could offer her. The brutal fact of British-Romanian relations, bluntly expressed by one historian, was that ‘Germany is inconveniently in the way: opportunity, proximity of manufacture and the logistics of supply all told in favour of the Third Reich.’2 This held, of course, for military as well as economic matters. In these circumstances the British concluded that their only weapon against German ambitions in countries which fell into Hitler’s orbit were military subversive operations.
KeywordsDiplomatic Relation Printing Press General Staff Military Occupation British Subject
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